Hortatory Eksposition


Definition : 
            Hortatory exposition is a type of spoken or written text that is intended to persuade the listeners or readers that something should or should not happen or be done.
            Hortatory is similar to analytical exposition but if we have to differentiate both from one to each other, we have one useful tool by making analysis on the generic structure. What makes hortatory different from analytical exposition is the last finalizing step which analytical exposition is ended by a reiteration while hortatory is finalized by certain a recommendation. 


Social Function :
            To persuade the reader or listener that something should or should not be the case
Language Feature of Hortatory Exposition Text :
1)    Focusing on the writer
2)   Using action verb
3)   Using modal adverb; certainly, surely, etc
4)   Using temporal connective; firstly, secondly, however, therefore, etc)
5)   Using evaluative words; important, valuable, trustworthy, etc
6)   Using passive voice
7)   Using simple present tense
8)   The use of modals and adverbs (e.g. may, must, should, etc)
9)   The use of emotive words (e.g. worried, alarmed etc)
10) The use of words that qualify statements (e.g. usual, probably etc)
11)  The use of subjective opinions using pronouns I and we
Generic Structure of Hortatory Exposition Text :
1)    Thesis : Statement or announcement of issue concern
2)   Arguments : Reasons for concern that will lead to recommendation
3)   Recommendation : Statement of what should or should not happen or be done based on the given arguments
Example of Hortatory Exposition Text
Mobile Phones Should Not be Banned in School [Tittle]
            Mobile phones is not used just for calling, but sending text, taking pictures, accessing internet, and much more. Many students bring their phones to school. For them, mobile phone has many uses. So, mobile phones should not be banned in school. Why do I said that? [Thesis]
       Firstly, students call their parents for other needs. By mobile phone, student can call or their close relative if they need something to be brought to school. In addition, mobile phone can be used to call their children when one of their family were hit by disasters suddenly. And then, student can called their parent to pick her up when want to go home. [Arguments]
       Secondly, increased of knowledge among students. When trying to find answer of difficult task at school, mobile phone can be used as a connecting to search the answer through GPRS or WiFi networks. [Arguments]
       Finally, expand the network of friendship among students. School is the right place to find friend. Average, student been at school about 7 hours or more. So that, a lot of students found their friend in the school environment . Therefore, communication between friends should be kept on of which using a mobile phone. [Arguments]
       So, I think mobile phone should not be banned in school. But, use your phone in the time and right place so that no one was disturbed. [Recommendation]
Ponsel Tidak Harus Dilarang di Sekolah [Tittle]
Ponsel tidak hanya digunakan untuk menelepon, tapi mengirim pesan teks, mengambil gambar, mengakses internet, dan banyak lagi. Banyak siswa membawa ponsel mereka ke sekolah. Bagi mereka, ponsel memiliki banyak kegunaan. Jadi, ponsel tidak harus dilarang di sekolah. Mengapa saya mengatakan bahwa? [Tesis]
Pertama, siswa menghubungi orang tua mereka untuk kebutuhan lain. Dengan ponsel, siswa dapat menelepon atau kerabat dekat mereka jika mereka membutuhkan sesuatu untuk dibawa ke sekolah. Selain itu, ponsel dapat digunakan untuk memanggil anak-anak mereka ketika salah satu keluarga mereka mengalami musibah tiba-tiba. Dan kemudian, siswa dapat disebut orang tua mereka untuk menjemputnya ketika ingin pulang. [Argumen]
Kedua, peningkatan pengetahuan di kalangan siswa. Ketika mencoba untuk menemukan jawaban dari tugas yang sulit di sekolah, ponsel dapat digunakan sebagai penghubung untuk mencari jawabannya melalui jaringan GPRS atau WiFi. [Argumen]
Akhirnya, memperluas jaringan persahabatan antar siswa. Sekolah adalah tempat yang tepat untuk menemukan teman. Rata-rata, siswa berada di sekolah sekitar 7 jam atau lebih. Sehingga, banyak siswa menemukan teman mereka di lingkungan sekolah. Oleh karena itu, komunikasi antara teman-teman harus terus yang menggunakan ponsel. [Argumen]
Jadi, saya pikir ponsel tidak harus dilarang di sekolah. Tapi, menggunakan telepon dalam waktu dan tempat yang tepat sehingga tidak ada yang merasa terganggu. [Rekomendasi]

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